[ Linux Shell ] 通用无限制在 Linux VPS 上一键全自动 dd 安装 Windows

    1. 无限制全自动dd安装Windows
      突破没有VNC,没有救援模式,内存比dd包小的限制.
      使用Debian Live CD中的busybox做中间媒介,经过复杂的处理,
      使本机的网络参数传进Windows操作系统中,
      即使没有DHCP能够让Windows获取网络参数,
      也能让Windows操作系统在开机的第一时间能够连通网络.

        • 更新:
          • [2018.03.25]

      优化判断逻辑.
      增加手动指定网络参数选项,可有效避免自动获取网络参数无效造成无法直接联网的问题.

        • 背景:

      1.带Windows的为什么就卖得那么贵?
      2.当然是为了更自由的使用自己的机器.

        • 萌咖提供的demo包(1.19G;已激活):

      使用的是Windows Embedded Standard 7(Thin PC)作为底包,官方精简.
      如需其他组件,例如:完整的桌面特征,Windows照片查看器等.
      请参考: Thin PC (Win7 Embedded) 安装组件

        • 使用示例:
        • 使用示例(指定网络参数):

      《[ Linux Shell ] 通用无限制在 Linux VPS 上一键全自动 dd 安装 Windows》

        • 注意事项:
          1. 远程登陆账号为: Administrator
          2. 远程登陆密码为: Vicer
          3. 仅修改了主机名,可放心使用.(建议自己制作.)
          4. 使用的公用网盘,如需长期/大量使用此包请自行备份.
          5. 如果因此违反了TOS,萌咖不负任何责任.
        • 可能用到的命令:
        • 温馨提示:

      磁盘管理中,点击’C‘盘,右键选择’扩展卷‘,可以直接’增加‘C盘的空间.
      激活相关请参考: https://moeclub.org/kms

        • 萌咖提供的可用包:
            与本地用iso镜像安装过程一样,如果你有VNC,可看到全部过程.
          • 因为

      全新安装!!! 全新安装!!! 全新安装!!!

          •  所以会等待久一点.

          • Windows Embedded 8.1 Industry Pro x64 (2.87G;KVM;XEN;Hyper-V;未激活)
      • 预览:
      • #!/bin/bash
         
        export tmpVER=''
        export tmpDIST=''
        export tmpURL=''
        export tmpWORD=''
        export tmpMirror=''
        export tmpSSL=''
        export tmpINS=''
        export tmpFW=''
        export ipAddr=''
        export ipMask=''
        export ipGate=''
        export linuxdists=''
        export ddMode='0'
        export setNet='0'
        export isMirror='0'
        export FindDists='0'
         
        while [[ $# -ge 1 ]]; do
          case $1 in
            -v|--ver)
              shift
              tmpVER="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            -d|--debian)
              shift
              linuxdists='debian'
              tmpDIST="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            -u|--ubuntu)
              shift
              linuxdists='ubuntu'
              tmpDIST="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            -dd|--image)
              shift
              ddMode='1'
              tmpURL="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            -p|--password)
              shift
              tmpWORD="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            --ip-addr)
              shift
              ipAddr="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            --ip-mask)
              shift
              ipMask="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            --ip-gate)
              shift
              ipGate="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            -a|--auto)
              shift
              tmpINS='auto'
              ;;
            -m|--manual)
              shift
              tmpINS='manual'
              ;;
            -apt|--mirror)
              shift
              isMirror='1'
              tmpMirror="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            -ssl)
              shift
              tmpSSL="$1"
              shift
              ;;
            --firmware)
              shift
              tmpFW='1'
              ;;
            *)
              echo -ne " Usage:\n\tbash DebianNET.sh\t-d/--debian [\033[33m\033[04mdists-name\033[0m]\n\t\t\t\t-u/--ubuntu [\033[04mdists-name\033[0m]\n\t\t\t\t-v/--ver [32/\033[33m\033[04mi386\033[0m|64/amd64]\n\t\t\t\t--ip-addr/--ip-gate/--ip-mask\n\t\t\t\t-apt/--mirror\n\t\t\t\t-dd/--image\n\t\t\t\t-a/--auto\n\t\t\t\t-m/--manual\n"
              exit 1;
              ;;
            esac
          done
         
        [[ "$EUID" -ne '0' ]] && echo "Error:This script must be run as root!" && exit 1;
        [[ -f '/boot/grub/grub.cfg' ]] && GRUBOLD='0' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub' && GRUBFILE='grub.cfg';
        [[ -z "$GRUBDIR" ]] && [[ -f '/boot/grub2/grub.cfg' ]] && GRUBOLD='0' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub2' && GRUBFILE='grub.cfg';
        [[ -z "$GRUBDIR" ]] && [[ -f '/boot/grub/grub.conf' ]] && GRUBOLD='1' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub' && GRUBFILE='grub.conf';
        [ -z "$GRUBDIR" -o -z "$GRUBFILE" ] && echo -ne "Error! \nNot Found grub path.\n" && exit 1;
         
        [[ -n "$tmpVER" ]] && {
          [ "$tmpVER" == '32' -o "$tmpVER" == 'i386' ] && VER='i386';
          [ "$tmpVER" == '64' -o "$tmpVER" == 'amd64' ] && VER='amd64';
        }
        [[ -z "$VER" ]] && VER='i386';
         
        [[ -z "$linuxdists" ]] && linuxdists='debian';
         
        [[ "$isMirror" == '1' ]] && [[ -n "$tmpMirror" ]] && {
          tmpDebianMirror="$(echo -n "$tmpMirror" |grep -Eo '.*\.(\w+)')";
          echo -n "$tmpDebianMirror" |grep -q '://';
          [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
            DebianMirror="$(echo -n "$tmpDebianMirror" |awk -F'://' '{print $2}')";
          } || {
            DebianMirror="$(echo -n "$tmpDebianMirror")";
          }
        } || {
          [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DebianMirror='httpredir.debian.org';
          [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DebianMirror='archive.ubuntu.com';
        }
         
        [[ -z "$DebianMirrorDirectory" ]] && [[ -n "$DebianMirror" ]] && [[ -n "$tmpMirror" ]] && {
          DebianMirrorDirectory="$(echo -n "$tmpMirror" |awk -F''${DebianMirror}'' '{print $2}' |sed 's/\/$//g')";
        }
         
        [[ -n "$DebianMirror" ]] && {
          [[ "$DebianMirrorDirectory" == '/' ]] && {
            [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DebianMirrorDirectory='/debian';
            [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DebianMirrorDirectory='/ubuntu';
          }
          [[ -z "$DebianMirrorDirectory" ]] && {
            [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DebianMirrorDirectory='/debian';
            [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DebianMirrorDirectory='/ubuntu';
          }
        }
         
        [[ -z "$tmpDIST" ]] && {
          [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DIST='wheezy';
          [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DIST='trusty';
        }
         
        [[ -z "$DIST" ]] && {
          DIST="$(echo "$tmpDIST" |sed -r 's/(.*)/\L\1/')";
          echo "$DIST" |grep -q '[0-9]';
          [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
            isDigital="$(echo "$DIST" |grep -o '[0-9\.]\{1,\}' |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n//g;$p' |cut -d'.' -f1)";
            [[ -n $isDigital ]] && {
              [[ "$isDigital" == '7' ]] && DIST='wheezy';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '8' ]] && DIST='jessie';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '9' ]] && DIST='stretch';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '10' ]] && DIST='buster';
            }
          }
        }
         
        [[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]] && {
          [[ -n "$tmpURL" ]] && {
            linuxdists='debian';
            DIST='jessie';
            VER='amd64';
            tmpINS='auto';
            DDURL="$tmpURL"
            echo "$DDURL" |grep -q '^http://\|^ftp://\|^https://';
            [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo 'Please input vaild URL,Only support http://, ftp:// and https:// !' && exit 1;
            [[ -n "$tmpSSL" ]] && SSL_SUPPORT="$tmpSSL";
            [[ -z "$SSL_SUPPORT" ]] && SSL_SUPPORT='https://moeclub.org/get-wget_udeb_amd64';
          } || {
            echo 'Please input vaild URL! ';
            exit 1;
          }
        }
         
        DistsList="$(wget --no-check-certificate -qO- "http://$DebianMirror$DebianMirrorDirectory/dists/" |grep -o 'href=.*/"' |cut -d'"' -f2 |sed '/-\|old\|Debian\|experimental\|stable\|test\|sid\|devel/d' |grep '^[^/]' |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n//g;s/\//\;/g;$p')";
        for CheckDEB in `echo "$DistsList" |sed 's/;/\n/g'`
          do
            [[ "$CheckDEB" == "$DIST" ]] && FindDists='1';
            [[ "$FindDists" == '1' ]] && break;
          done
        [[ "$FindDists" == '0' ]] && {
          echo -ne '\nThe dists version not found, Please check it! \n\n'
          bash $0 error;
          exit 1;
        }
         
        [[ -n "$tmpINS" ]] && {
          [[ "$tmpINS" == 'auto' ]] && inVNC='n';
          [[ "$tmpINS" == 'manual' ]] && inVNC='y';
        }
         
        [ -n "$ipAddr" ] && [ -n "$ipMask" ] && [ -n "$ipGate" ] && setNet='1';
        [[ -n "$tmpWORD" ]] && myPASSWORD="$tmpWORD";
        [[ -n "$tmpFW" ]] && INCFW="$tmpFW";
        [[ -z "$myPASSWORD" ]] && myPASSWORD='Vicer';
        [[ -z "$INCFW" ]] && INCFW='0';
         
        clear && echo -e "\n\033[36m# Install\033[0m\n"
         
        ASKVNC(){
          inVNC='y';
          [[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && {
            echo -ne "\033[34mCan you login VNC?\033[0m\e[33m[\e[32my\e[33m/n]\e[0m "
            read tmpinVNC
            [[ -n "$inVNCtmp" ]] && inVNC="$tmpinVNC"
          }
          [ "$inVNC" == 'y' -o "$inVNC" == 'Y' ] && inVNC='y';
          [ "$inVNC" == 'n' -o "$inVNC" == 'N' ] && inVNC='n';
        }
         
        [ "$inVNC" == 'y' -o "$inVNC" == 'n' ] || ASKVNC;
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && LinuxName='Debian';
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && LinuxName='Ubuntu';
        [[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && { 
          [[ "$inVNC" == 'y' ]] && echo -e "\033[34mManual Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33m$LinuxName\033[0m [\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m] in VNC. "
          [[ "$inVNC" == 'n' ]] && echo -e "\033[34mAuto Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33m$LinuxName\033[0m [\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m]. "
        }
        [[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]] && {
          echo -ne "\033[34mAuto Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33mWindows\033[0m\n[\033[33m$DDURL\033[0m]\n"
        }
         
        echo -e "\n[\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m] Downloading..."
        [[ -z "$DebianMirror" ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mGet debian mirror fail! \n" && exit 1
        [[ -z "$DebianMirrorDirectory" ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mGet debian mirror directory fail! \n" && exit 1
        wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/initrd.gz' "http://$DebianMirror$DebianMirrorDirectory/dists/$DIST/main/installer-$VER/current/images/netboot/$linuxdists-installer/$VER/initrd.gz"
        [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'initrd.gz' failed! \n" && exit 1
        wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/linux' "http://$DebianMirror$DebianMirrorDirectory/dists/$DIST/main/installer-$VER/current/images/netboot/$linuxdists-installer/$VER/linux"
        [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'linux' failed! \n" && exit 1
        [[ "$INCFW" == '1' ]] && [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && {
          wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/firmware.cpio.gz' "http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/$DIST/current/firmware.cpio.gz"
          [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'firmware' failed! \n" && exit 1
        }
         
         
        [[ "$setNet" == '1' ]] && {
          IPv4="$ipAddr";
          MASK="$ipMask";
          GATE="$ipGate";
        } || {
          DEFAULTNET="$(ip route show |grep -o 'default via [0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.*' |head -n1 |sed 's/proto.*\|onlink.*//g' |awk '{print $NF}')";
          [[ -n "$DEFAULTNET" ]] && IPSUB="$(ip addr |grep ''${DEFAULTNET}'' |grep 'global' |grep 'brd' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}/[0-9]\{1,2\}')";
          IPv4="$(echo -n "$IPSUB" |cut -d'/' -f1)";
          NETSUB="$(echo -n "$IPSUB" |grep -o '/[0-9]\{1,2\}')";
          GATE="$(ip route show |grep -o 'default via [0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}')";
          [[ -n "$NETSUB" ]] && MASK="$(echo -n '128.0.0.0/1,192.0.0.0/2,224.0.0.0/3,240.0.0.0/4,248.0.0.0/5,252.0.0.0/6,254.0.0.0/7,255.0.0.0/8,255.128.0.0/9,255.192.0.0/10,255.224.0.0/11,255.240.0.0/12,255.248.0.0/13,255.252.0.0/14,255.254.0.0/15,255.255.0.0/16,255.255.128.0/17,255.255.192.0/18,255.255.224.0/19,255.255.240.0/20,255.255.248.0/21,255.255.252.0/22,255.255.254.0/23,255.255.255.0/24,255.255.255.128/25,255.255.255.192/26,255.255.255.224/27,255.255.255.240/28,255.255.255.248/29,255.255.255.252/30,255.255.255.254/31,255.255.255.255/32' |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}'${NETSUB}'' |cut -d'/' -f1)";
        }
         
        [[ -n "$GATE" ]] && [[ -n "$MASK" ]] && [[ -n "$IPv4" ]] || {
        echo "Not found `ip command`, It will use `route command`."
        ipNum() {
          local IFS='.';
          read ip1 ip2 ip3 ip4 <<<"$1";
          echo $((ip1*(1<<24)+ip2*(1<<16)+ip3*(1<<8)+ip4));
        }
         
        SelectMax(){
        ii=0;
        for IPITEM in `route -n |awk -v OUT=$1 '{print $OUT}' |grep '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}'`
          do
            NumTMP="$(ipNum $IPITEM)";
            eval "arrayNum[$ii]='$NumTMP,$IPITEM'";
            ii=$[$ii+1];
          done
        echo ${arrayNum[@]} |sed 's/\s/\n/g' |sort -n -k 1 -t ',' |tail -n1 |cut -d',' -f2;
        }
         
        [[ -z $IPv4 ]] && IPv4="$(ifconfig |grep 'Bcast' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}' |head -n1)";
        [[ -z $GATE ]] && GATE="$(SelectMax 2)";
        [[ -z $MASK ]] && MASK="$(SelectMax 3)";
         
        [[ -n "$GATE" ]] && [[ -n "$MASK" ]] && [[ -n "$IPv4" ]] || {
          echo "Error! Not configure network. ";
          exit 1;
        }
        }
         
        [[ "$setNet" != '1' ]] && [[ -f '/etc/network/interfaces' ]] && {
          [[ -z "$(sed -n '/iface.*inet static/p' /etc/network/interfaces)" ]] && AutoNet='1' || AutoNet='0';
          [[ -d /etc/network/interfaces.d ]] && {
            ICFGN="$(find /etc/network/interfaces.d -name '*.cfg' |wc -l)" || ICFGN='0';
            [[ "$ICFGN" -ne '0' ]] && {
              for NetCFG in `ls -1 /etc/network/interfaces.d/*.cfg`
                do 
                  [[ -z "$(cat $NetCFG | sed -n '/iface.*inet static/p')" ]] && AutoNet='1' || AutoNet='0';
                  [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && break;
                done
            }
          }
        }
         
        [[ "$setNet" != '1' ]] && [[ -d '/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts' ]] && {
          ICFGN="$(find /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts -name 'ifcfg-*' |grep -v 'lo'|wc -l)" || ICFGN='0';
          [[ "$ICFGN" -ne '0' ]] && {
            for NetCFG in `ls -1 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-* |grep -v 'lo$' |grep -v ':[0-9]\{1,\}'`
              do 
                [[ -n "$(cat $NetCFG | sed -n '/BOOTPROTO.*[dD][hH][cC][pP]/p')" ]] && AutoNet='1' || {
                  AutoNet='0' && . $NetCFG;
                  [[ -n $NETMASK ]] && MASK="$NETMASK";
                  [[ -n $GATEWAY ]] && GATE="$GATEWAY";
                }
                [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && break;
              done
          }
        }
         
        [[ ! -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE ]] && echo "Error! Not Found $GRUBFILE. " && exit 1;
         
        [[ ! -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old ]] && [[ -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak ]] && mv -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old;
        mv -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak;
        [[ -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old ]] && cat $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old >$GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE || cat $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak >$GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;
         
        [[ "$GRUBOLD" == '0' ]] && {
          CFG0="$(awk '/menuentry /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 1)";
          CFG2="$(awk '/menuentry /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 2 |tail -n 1)";
          CFG1="";
          for tmpCFG in `awk '/}/{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE`
            do
              [ "$tmpCFG" -gt "$CFG0" -a "$tmpCFG" -lt "$CFG2" ] && CFG1="$tmpCFG";
            done
          [[ -z "$CFG1" ]] && {
            echo "Error! read $GRUBFILE. ";
            exit 1;
          }
         
          sed -n "$CFG0,$CFG1"p $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE >/tmp/grub.new;
          [[ -f /tmp/grub.new ]] && [[ "$(grep -c '{' /tmp/grub.new)" -eq "$(grep -c '}' /tmp/grub.new)" ]] || {
            echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mNot configure $GRUBFILE. \n";
            exit 1;
          }
         
          sed -i "/menuentry.*/c\menuentry\ \'Install OS \[$DIST\ $VER\]\'\ --class debian\ --class\ gnu-linux\ --class\ gnu\ --class\ os\ \{" /tmp/grub.new
          [[ "$(grep -c '{' /tmp/grub.new)" -eq "$(grep -c '}' /tmp/grub.new)" ]] || {
            echo "Error! configure append $GRUBFILE. ";
            exit 1;
          }
          sed -i "/echo.*Loading/d" /tmp/grub.new;
        }
         
        [[ "$GRUBOLD" == '1' ]] && {
          CFG0="$(awk '/title /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 1)";
          CFG1="$(awk '/title /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 2 |tail -n 1)";
          [[ -n $CFG0 ]] && [ -z $CFG1 -o $CFG1 == $CFG0 ] && sed -n "$CFG0,$"p $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE >/tmp/grub.new;
          [[ -n $CFG0 ]] && [ -z $CFG1 -o $CFG1 != $CFG0 ] && sed -n "$CFG0,$CFG1"p $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE >/tmp/grub.new;
          [[ ! -f /tmp/grub.new ]] && echo "Error! configure append $GRUBFILE. " && exit 1;
          sed -i "/title.*/c\title\ \'Install OS \[$DIST\ $VER\]\'" /tmp/grub.new;
          sed -i '/^#/d' /tmp/grub.new;
        }
         
        [[ -n "$(grep 'initrd.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $2}' |tail -n 1 |grep '^/boot/')" ]] && Type='InBoot' || Type='NoBoot';
         
        LinuxKernel="$(grep 'linux.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $1}' |head -n 1)";
        [[ -z $LinuxKernel ]] && LinuxKernel="$(grep 'kernel.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $1}' |head -n 1)";
        LinuxIMG="$(grep 'initrd.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $1}' |tail -n 1)";
         
        [[ "$Type" == 'InBoot' ]] && {
          sed -i "/$LinuxKernel.*\//c\\\t$LinuxKernel\\t\/boot\/linux auto=true hostname=$linuxdists domain= -- quiet" /tmp/grub.new;
          sed -i "/$LinuxIMG.*\//c\\\t$LinuxIMG\\t\/boot\/initrd.gz" /tmp/grub.new;
        }
         
        [[ "$Type" == 'NoBoot' ]] && {
          sed -i "/$LinuxKernel.*\//c\\\t$LinuxKernel\\t\/linux auto=true hostname=$linuxdists domain= -- quiet" /tmp/grub.new;
          sed -i "/$LinuxIMG.*\//c\\\t$LinuxIMG\\t\/initrd.gz" /tmp/grub.new;
        }
         
        sed -i '$a\\n' /tmp/grub.new;
         
        [[ "$inVNC" == 'n' ]] && {
        GRUBPATCH='0';
         
        [ -f '/etc/network/interfaces' -o -d '/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts' ] || {
          echo "Error, Not found interfaces config.";
          exit 1;
        }
         
        sed -i ''${CFG0}'i\\n' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;
        sed -i ''${CFG0}'r /tmp/grub.new' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;
        [[ -f  $GRUBDIR/grubenv ]] && sed -i 's/saved_entry/#saved_entry/g' $GRUBDIR/grubenv;
         
        [[ -d /boot/tmp ]] && rm -rf /boot/tmp;
        mkdir -p /boot/tmp;
        cd /boot/tmp;
        gzip -d < ../initrd.gz | cpio --extract --verbose --make-directories --no-absolute-filenames >>/dev/null 2>&1
         
        cat >/boot/tmp/preseed.cfg<<EOF
        d-i debian-installer/locale string en_US
        d-i console-setup/layoutcode string us
         
        d-i keyboard-configuration/xkb-keymap string us
         
        d-i netcfg/choose_interface select auto
         
        d-i netcfg/disable_autoconfig boolean true
        d-i netcfg/dhcp_failed note
        d-i netcfg/dhcp_options select Configure network manually
        d-i netcfg/get_ipaddress string $IPv4
        d-i netcfg/get_netmask string $MASK
        d-i netcfg/get_gateway string $GATE
        d-i netcfg/get_nameservers string 8.8.8.8
        d-i netcfg/no_default_route boolean true
        d-i netcfg/confirm_static boolean true
         
        d-i hw-detect/load_firmware boolean true
         
        d-i mirror/country string manual
        d-i mirror/http/hostname string $DebianMirror
        d-i mirror/http/directory string $DebianMirrorDirectory
        d-i mirror/http/proxy string
         
        d-i passwd/root-login boolean ture
        d-i passwd/make-user boolean false
        d-i passwd/root-password password $myPASSWORD
        d-i passwd/root-password-again password $myPASSWORD
        d-i user-setup/allow-password-weak boolean true
        d-i user-setup/encrypt-home boolean false
         
        d-i clock-setup/utc boolean true
        d-i time/zone string US/Eastern
        d-i clock-setup/ntp boolean true
         
        d-i preseed/early_command string anna-install libfuse2-udeb fuse-udeb ntfs-3g-udeb fuse-modules-3.16.0-4-amd64-di
        d-i partman/early_command string \
        debconf-set partman-auto/disk "\$(list-devices disk |head -n1)"; \
        wget -qO- '$DDURL' |gunzip -dc |/bin/dd of=\$(list-devices disk |head -n1); \
        mount.ntfs-3g \$(list-devices partition |head -n1) /mnt; \
        cd '/mnt/ProgramData/Microsoft/Windows/Start Menu/Programs'; \
        cd Start* || cd start*; \
        cp -f '/net.bat' './net.bat'; \
        /sbin/reboot; \
         
        debconf-set grub-installer/bootdev string "\$(list-devices disk |head -n1)"; \
        umount /media || true; \
         
         
        d-i partman/mount_style select uuid
        d-i partman-auto/init_automatically_partition select Guided - use entire disk
        d-i partman-auto/method string regular
        d-i partman-lvm/device_remove_lvm boolean true
        d-i partman-md/device_remove_md boolean true
        d-i partman-auto/choose_recipe select atomic
        d-i partman-partitioning/confirm_write_new_label boolean true
        d-i partman/choose_partition select finish
        d-i partman-lvm/confirm boolean true
        d-i partman-lvm/confirm_nooverwrite boolean true
        d-i partman/confirm boolean true
        d-i partman/confirm_nooverwrite boolean true
         
        d-i debian-installer/allow_unauthenticated boolean true
         
        tasksel tasksel/first multiselect minimal
        d-i pkgsel/update-policy select none
        d-i pkgsel/include string openssh-server
        d-i pkgsel/upgrade select none
         
        popularity-contest popularity-contest/participate boolean false
         
        d-i grub-installer/only_debian boolean true
        d-i grub-installer/bootdev string default
        d-i finish-install/reboot_in_progress note
        d-i debian-installer/exit/reboot boolean true
        d-i preseed/late_command string	\
        sed -ri 's/^#?PermitRootLogin.*/PermitRootLogin yes/g' /target/etc/ssh/sshd_config; \
        sed -ri 's/^#?PasswordAuthentication.*/PasswordAuthentication yes/g' /target/etc/ssh/sshd_config;
        EOF
         
        [[ "$setNet" == '0' ]] && [[ "$AutoNet" == '1' ]] && {
          sed -i '/netcfg\/disable_autoconfig/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
          sed -i '/netcfg\/dhcp_options/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
          sed -i '/netcfg\/get_.*/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
          sed -i '/netcfg\/confirm_static/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        }
         
        [[ "$DIST" == 'trusty' ]] && GRUBPATCH='1'
        [[ "$DIST" == 'wily' ]] && GRUBPATCH='1'
         
        [[ "$GRUBPATCH" == '1' ]] && {
          sed -i 's/^d-i\ grub-installer\/bootdev\ string\ default//g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        }
        [[ "$GRUBPATCH" == '0' ]] && {
          sed -i 's/debconf-set\ grub-installer\/bootdev.*\"\;//g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        }
        [[ "$DIST" == 'xenial' ]] && {
          sed -i 's/^d-i\ clock-setup\/ntp\ boolean\ true/d-i\ clock-setup\/ntp\ boolean\ false/g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        }
         
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && {
          sed -i '/user-setup\/allow-password-weak/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
          sed -i '/user-setup\/encrypt-home/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
          sed -i '/pkgsel\/update-policy/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
          sed -i 's/umount\ \/media.*true\;\ //g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        }
         
        [[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]] && {
        WinDHCP(){
          echo -ne "@ECHO OFF\r\ncd\040\057d\040\042\045ProgramData\045\057Microsoft\057Windows\057Start\040Menu\057Programs\057Startup\042\r\ndel\040\057f\040\057q\040net\056bat\r\n\r\n" >'/boot/tmp/net.tmp';
        }
        WinNoDHCP(){
          echo -ne "@ECHO OFF\r\ncd\056\076\045windir\045\GetAdmin\r\nif\040exist\040\045windir\045\GetAdmin\040\050del\040\057f\040\057q\040\042\045windir\045\GetAdmin\042\051\040else\040\050\r\necho\040CreateObject^\050\042Shell\056Application\042^\051\056ShellExecute\040\042\045~s0\042\054\040\042\045\052\042\054\040\042\042\054\040\042runas\042\054\040\061\040\076\076\040\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\n\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\ndel\040\057f\040\057q\040\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\nexit\040\057b\040\062\051\r\nfor\040\057f\040\042tokens=\063\052\042\040\045\045i\040in\040\050\047netsh\040interface\040show\040interface\040^|more\040+3\040^|findstr\040\057R\040\042\u672c\u5730\056\052\040\u4ee5\u592a\056\052\040Local\056\052\040Ethernet\042\047\051\040do\040\050set\040EthName=\045\045j\051\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040set\040address\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040source=static\040address=$IPv4\040mask=$MASK\040gateway=$GATE\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040add\040dnsservers\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040address=\070\056\070\056\070\056\070\040index=1\040validate=no\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040add\040dnsservers\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040address=\070\056\070\056\064\056\064\040index=2\040validate=no\r\ncd\040\057d\040\042\045ProgramData\045\057Microsoft\057Windows\057Start\040Menu\057Programs\057Startup\042\r\ndel\040\057f\040\057q\040net\056bat\r\n\r\n" >'/boot/tmp/net.tmp';
        }
          [[ "$setNet" == '1' ]] && WinNoDHCP;
          [[ "$setNet" == '0' ]] && {
            [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '1' ]] && WinDHCP;
            [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && WinNoDHCP;
          }
          iconv -f 'UTF-8' -t 'GBK' '/boot/tmp/net.tmp' -o '/boot/tmp/net.bat'
          rm -rf '/boot/tmp/net.tmp'
          echo "$DDURL" |grep -q '^https://'
          [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
            echo -ne '\nAdd ssl support...\n'
            [[ -n $SSL_SUPPORT ]] && {
              wget --no-check-certificate -qO- "$SSL_SUPPORT" |tar -x
              [[ ! -f  /boot/tmp/usr/bin/wget ]] && echo 'Error! SSL_SUPPORT.' && exit 1;
              sed -i 's/wget\ -qO-/\/usr\/bin\/wget\ --no-check-certificate\ --retry-connrefused\ --tries=7\ --continue\ -qO-/g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
              [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && echo -ne 'Success! \n\n'
            } || {
            echo -ne 'Not ssl support package! \n\n';
            exit 1;
            }
          }
        }
         
        [[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && {
          sed -i '/anna-install/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
          sed -i 's/wget.*\/sbin\/reboot\;\ //g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        }
        [[ "$INCFW" == '1' ]] && [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && [[ -f '/boot/firmware.cpio.gz' ]] && {
          gzip -d < ../firmware.cpio.gz | cpio --extract --verbose --make-directories --no-absolute-filenames >>/dev/null 2>&1
        }
        rm -rf ../initrd.gz;
        find . | cpio -H newc --create --verbose | gzip -9 > ../initrd.gz;
        rm -rf /boot/tmp;
        }
         
        [[ "$inVNC" == 'y' ]] && {
          sed -i '$i\\n' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
          sed -i '$r /tmp/grub.new' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
          echo -e "\n\033[33m\033[04mIt will reboot! \nPlease look at VNC! \nSelect\033[0m\033[32m Install OS [$DIST $VER] \033[33m\033[4mto install system.\033[04m\n\n\033[31m\033[04mThere is some information for you.\nDO NOT CLOSE THE WINDOW! \033[0m\n"
          echo -e "\033[35mIPv4\t\tNETMASK\t\tGATEWAY\033[0m"
          echo -e "\033[36m\033[04m$IPv4\033[0m\t\033[36m\033[04m$MASK\033[0m\t\033[36m\033[04m$GATE\033[0m\n\n"
         
          read -n 1 -p "Press Enter to reboot..." INP
          [[ "$INP" != '' ]] && echo -ne '\b \n\n';
        }
         
        chown root:root $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
        chmod 444 $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
         
        sleep 3 && reboot >/dev/null 2>&1

        全文转载自 Vicer 的博客 萌咖,一字未改(因为也不会改 2333)。

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