python(django html 自定义验证规则)

自定义验证规则

方式一:

from django.forms import Form
from django.forms import widgets
from django.forms import fields
from django.core.validators import RegexValidator
class MyForm(Form):
    user = fields.CharField(
        validators=[RegexValidator(r'^[0-9]+$', '请输入数字'), RegexValidator(r'^159[0-9]+$', '数字必须以159开头')],
    )

方式二:

import re
from django.forms import Form
from django.forms import widgets
from django.forms import fields
from django.core.exceptions import ValidationError
# 自定义验证规则
def mobile_validate(value):
    mobile_re = re.compile(r'^(13[0-9]|15[012356789]|17[678]|18[0-9]|14[57])[0-9]{8}$')
    if not mobile_re.match(value):
        raise ValidationError('手机号码格式错误')
class PublishForm(Form):
    title = fields.CharField(max_length=20,
                            min_length=5,
                            error_messages={'required': '标题不能为空',
                                            'min_length': '标题最少为5个字符',
                                            'max_length': '标题最多为20个字符'},
                            widget=widgets.TextInput(attrs={'class': "form-control",
                                                          'placeholder': '标题5-20个字符'}))
    # 使用自定义验证规则
    phone = fields.CharField(validators=[mobile_validate, ],
                            error_messages={'required': '手机不能为空'},
                            widget=widgets.TextInput(attrs={'class': "form-control",
                                                          'placeholder': u'手机号码'}))
    email = fields.EmailField(required=False,
                            error_messages={'required': u'邮箱不能为空','invalid': u'邮箱格式错误'},
                            widget=widgets.TextInput(attrs={'class': "form-control", 'placeholder': u'邮箱'}))

方法三:自定义方法

from django import forms
    from django.forms import fields
    from django.forms import widgets
    from django.core.exceptions import ValidationError
    from django.core.validators import RegexValidator
    class FInfo(forms.Form):
        username = fields.CharField(max_length=5,
                                    validators=[RegexValidator(r'^[0-9]+$', 'Enter a valid extension.', 'invalid')], )
        email = fields.EmailField()
        def clean_username(self):
            """
            Form中字段中定义的格式匹配完之后,执行此方法进行验证
            :return:
            """
            value = self.cleaned_data['username']
            if "666" in value:
                raise ValidationError('666已经被玩烂了...', 'invalid')
            return value

方式四:同时生成多个标签进行验证

初始化数据

 

from django.forms import Form
from django.forms import widgets
from django.forms import fields
from django.core.validators import RegexValidator
############## 自定义字段 ##############
class PhoneField(fields.MultiValueField):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        # Define one message for all fields.
        error_messages = {
            'incomplete': 'Enter a country calling code and a phone number.',
        }
        # Or define a different message for each field.
        f = (
            fields.CharField(
                error_messages={'incomplete': 'Enter a country calling code.'},
                validators=[
                    RegexValidator(r'^[0-9]+$', 'Enter a valid country calling code.'),
                ],
            ),
            fields.CharField(
                error_messages={'incomplete': 'Enter a phone number.'},
                validators=[RegexValidator(r'^[0-9]+$', 'Enter a valid phone number.')],
            ),
            fields.CharField(
                validators=[RegexValidator(r'^[0-9]+$', 'Enter a valid extension.')],
                required=False,
            ),
        )
        super(PhoneField, self).__init__(error_messages=error_messages, fields=f, require_all_fields=False, *args,
                                         **kwargs)
    def compress(self, data_list):
        """
        当用户验证都通过后,该值返回给用户
        :param data_list:
        :return:
        """
        return data_list
############## 自定义插件 ##############
class SplitPhoneWidget(widgets.MultiWidget):
    def __init__(self):
        ws = (
            widgets.TextInput(),
            widgets.TextInput(),
            widgets.TextInput(),
        )
        super(SplitPhoneWidget, self).__init__(ws)
    def decompress(self, value):
        """
        处理初始值,当初始值initial不是列表时,调用该方法
        :param value:
        :return:
        """
        if value:
            return value.split(',')
        return [None, None, None]

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