python( Django 网页图片上传预览)

views

from django.shortcuts import render,HttpResponse
from app01 import models
from django import forms
from django.forms import fields as Ffields
from django.forms import widgets as Fwidgets
class UserInfoModelForm(forms.ModelForm):
    is_rmb = Ffields.CharField(widget=Fwidgets.CheckboxInput())
    class Meta:
        model = models.UserInfo
        fields = '__all__'
        # fields =  ['username','email']
        # exclude = ['username']
        labels = {
            'username': '用户名',
            'email': '邮箱',
        }
        help_texts = {
            'username': '...'
        }
        widgets = {
            'username': Fwidgets.Textarea(attrs={'class': 'c1'})
        }
        error_messages = {
            '__all__':{
            },
            'email': {
                'required': '邮箱不能为空',
                'invalid': '邮箱格式错误..',
            }
        }
        field_classes = {
            # 'email': Ffields.URLField
        }
        # localized_fields=('ctime',)
    def clean_username(self):
        old = self.cleaned_data['username']
        return old
class UserInfoForm(forms.Form):
    username = Ffields.CharField(max_length=32)
    email = Ffields.EmailField()
    user_type = Ffields.ChoiceField(
        choices=models.UserType.objects.values_list('id','caption')
    )
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super(UserInfoForm,self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
        self.fields['user_type'].choices = models.UserType.objects.values_list('id','caption')
def index(request):
    if request.method == "GET":
        obj = UserInfoModelForm()
        return render(request,'index.html',{'obj': obj})
    elif request.method == "POST":
        obj = UserInfoModelForm(request.POST)
        if obj.is_valid():
            # obj.save()
            instance = obj.save(False)
            instance.save()
            obj.save_m2m()
        # print(obj.is_valid())
        # print(obj.cleaned_data)
        # print(obj.errors.as_json())
        return render(request,'index.html',{'obj': obj})
def user_list(request):
    li = models.UserInfo.objects.all().select_related('user_type')
    return render(request,'user_list.html',{'li': li})
def user_edit(request, nid):
    # 获取当前id对象的用户信息
    # 显示用户已经存在数据
    if request.method == "GET":
        user_obj = models.UserInfo.objects.filter(id=nid).first()
        mf = UserInfoModelForm(instance=user_obj)
        return render(request,'user_edit.html',{'mf': mf, 'nid': nid})
    elif request.method == 'POST':
        user_obj = models.UserInfo.objects.filter(id=nid).first()
        mf = UserInfoModelForm(request.POST,instance=user_obj)
        if mf.is_valid():
            mf.save()
        else:
            print(mf.errors.as_json())
        return render(request,'user_edit.html',{'mf': mf, 'nid': nid})
def ajax(request):
    return render(request, 'ajax.html')
def ajax_json(request):
    import time
    time.sleep(3)
    print(request.POST)
    ret = {'code': True , 'data': request.POST.get('username')}
    import json
    return HttpResponse(json.dumps(ret))
def upload(request):
    return render(request,'upload.html')
def upload_file(request):
    username = request.POST.get('username')
    fafafa = request.FILES.get('fafafa')
    import os
    img_path = os.path.join('static/imgs/',fafafa.name)
    with open(img_path,'wb') as f:
        for item in fafafa.chunks():
            f.write(item)
    ret = {'code': True , 'data': img_path}
    import json
    return HttpResponse(json.dumps(ret))
def kind(request):
    return render(request, 'kind.html')
def upload_img(request):
    request.GET.get('dir')
    print(request.FILES.get('fafafa'))
    # 获取文件保存
    import json
    dic = {
        'error': 0,
        'url': '/static/imgs/20130809170025.png',
        'message': '错误了...'
    }
    return HttpResponse(json.dumps(dic))
import os
import time
import json
def file_manager(request):
    """
    文件管理
    :param request:
    :return:
    {
        moveup_dir_path:
        current_dir_path:
        current_url:
        file_list: [
            {
                'is_dir': True,
                'has_file': True,
                'filesize': 0,
                'dir_path': '',
                'is_photo': False,
                'filetype': '',
                'filename': xxx.png,
                'datetime': time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S', time.gmtime(os.path.getctime(abs_item_path)))
            },
            {
                'is_dir': True,
                'has_file': True,
                'filesize': 0,
                'dir_path': '',
                'is_photo': False,
                'filetype': '',
                'filename': xxx.png,
                'datetime': time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S', time.gmtime(os.path.getctime(abs_item_path)))
            }
        ]
    }
    """
    dic = {}
    root_path = 'C:/Users/Administrator/PycharmProjects/day24/static/'
    static_root_path = '/static/'
    request_path = request.GET.get('path')
    if request_path:
        abs_current_dir_path = os.path.join(root_path, request_path)
        move_up_dir_path = os.path.dirname(request_path.rstrip('/'))
        dic['moveup_dir_path'] = move_up_dir_path + '/' if move_up_dir_path else move_up_dir_path
    else:
        abs_current_dir_path = root_path
        dic['moveup_dir_path'] = ''
    dic['current_dir_path'] = request_path
    dic['current_url'] = os.path.join(static_root_path, request_path)
    file_list = []
    for item in os.listdir(abs_current_dir_path):
        abs_item_path = os.path.join(abs_current_dir_path, item)
        a, exts = os.path.splitext(item)
        is_dir = os.path.isdir(abs_item_path)
        if is_dir:
            temp = {
                'is_dir': True,
                'has_file': True,
                'filesize': 0,
                'dir_path': '',
                'is_photo': False,
                'filetype': '',
                'filename': item,
                'datetime': time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S', time.gmtime(os.path.getctime(abs_item_path)))
            }
        else:
            temp = {
                'is_dir': False,
                'has_file': False,
                'filesize': os.stat(abs_item_path).st_size,
                'dir_path': '',
                'is_photo': True if exts.lower() in ['.jpg', '.png', '.jpeg'] else False,
                'filetype': exts.lower().strip('.'),
                'filename': item,
                'datetime': time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S', time.gmtime(os.path.getctime(abs_item_path)))
            }
        file_list.append(temp)
    dic['file_list'] = file_list
    return HttpResponse(json.dumps(dic))

urls

"""s14day24 URL Configuration
The `urlpatterns` list routes URLs to views. For more information please see:
    https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/topics/http/urls/
Examples:
Function views
    1. Add an import:  from my_app import views
    2. Add a URL to urlpatterns:  path('', views.home, name='home')
Class-based views
    1. Add an import:  from other_app.views import Home
    2. Add a URL to urlpatterns:  path('', Home.as_view(), name='home')
Including another URLconf
    1. Import the include() function: from django.urls import include, path
    2. Add a URL to urlpatterns:  path('blog/', include('blog.urls'))
"""
from django.contrib import admin
from django.urls import path
from app01 import views
urlpatterns = [
    path('admin/', admin.site.urls),
    path('index/', views.index),
    path('user_list/', views.user_list),
    path('edit-/', views.user_edit),
    path('ajax/', views.ajax),
    path('ajax_json/', views.ajax_json),
    path('upload/', views.upload),
    path('upload_file/', views.upload_file),
    path('kind/', views.kind),
    path('upload_img/', views.upload_img),
    path('file_manager/', views.file_manager),
]

seeting

"""
Django settings for s14day24 project.
Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 2.1.2.
For more information on this file, see
https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/topics/settings/
For the full list of settings and their values, see
https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/ref/settings/
"""
import os
# Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...)
BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)))
# Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production
# See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/howto/deployment/checklist/
# SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret!
SECRET_KEY = 'irlm@8t%4v8_mc1#l-f6mj*2gd5v4rc0#cjrn!)yxnfm%!4rn5'
# SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production!
DEBUG = True
ALLOWED_HOSTS = []
# Application definition
INSTALLED_APPS = [
    'django.contrib.admin',
    'django.contrib.auth',
    'django.contrib.contenttypes',
    'django.contrib.sessions',
    'django.contrib.messages',
    'django.contrib.staticfiles',
    'app01'
]
MIDDLEWARE = [
    'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware',
    'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware',
    'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware',
    #'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware',
    'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware',
    'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware',
    'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware',
]
ROOT_URLCONF = 's14day24.urls'
TEMPLATES = [
    {
        'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates',
        'DIRS': [os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'templates')]
        ,
        'APP_DIRS': True,
        'OPTIONS': {
            'context_processors': [
                'django.template.context_processors.debug',
                'django.template.context_processors.request',
                'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth',
                'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages',
            ],
        },
    },
]
WSGI_APPLICATION = 's14day24.wsgi.application'
# Database
# https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/ref/settings/#databases
DATABASES = {
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
        'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'),
    }
}
# Password validation
# https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/ref/settings/#auth-password-validators
AUTH_PASSWORD_VALIDATORS = [
    {
        'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.UserAttributeSimilarityValidator',
    },
    {
        'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.MinimumLengthValidator',
    },
    {
        'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.CommonPasswordValidator',
    },
    {
        'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.NumericPasswordValidator',
    },
]
# Internationalization
# https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/topics/i18n/
LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us'
TIME_ZONE = 'UTC'
USE_I18N = True
USE_L10N = True
USE_TZ = True
# Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images)
# https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/howto/static-files/
STATIC_URL = '/static/'
STATICFILES_DIRS = (
    os.path.join(BASE_DIR,'static'),
)

upload.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title></title>
    <style>
        .upload{
            display: inline-block;padding: 10px;
            background-color: brown;
            position: absolute;
            top: 0;
            bottom: 0;
            right: 0;
            left: 0;
            z-index: 90;
        }
        .file{
            width: 100px;height: 50px;opacity: 0;
            position: absolute;
            top: 0;
            bottom: 0;
            right: 0;
            left: 0;
            z-index: 100;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div style="position: relative;width: 100px;height: 50px;">
        <input class="file" type="file" id="fafafa" name="afafaf" />
        <a class="upload">上传</a>
    </div>
    <input type="button" value="提交XHR" onclick="xhrSubmit();" />
    <input type="button" value="提交jQuery" onclick="jqSubmit();" />
    <hr/>
    <form id="form1" action="/upload_file/" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data" target="ifm1">
        <iframe id="ifm1" name="ifm1" style="display: none;"></iframe>
        <input type="file" name="fafafa" onchange="changeUpalod();" />
{#        <input type="submit" onclick="iframeSubmit();" value="Form提交"/>#}
    </form>
    <div id="preview"></div>
    <script src="/static/jquery-1.12.4.js"></script>
    <script>
        function changeUpalod(){
            $('#ifm1').load(function(){
                var text = $('#ifm1').contents().find('body').text();
                var obj = JSON.parse(text);
                $('#preview').empty();
                var imgTag = document.createElement('img');
                imgTag.src = "/" + obj.data;
                $('#preview').append(imgTag);
            });
            $('#form1').submit();
        }
        function jqSubmit(){
            // $('#fafafa')[0]
            var file_obj = document.getElementById('fafafa').files[0];
            var fd = new FormData();
            fd.append('username','root');
            fd.append('fafafa',file_obj);
            $.ajax({
                url: '/upload_file/',
                type: 'POST',
                data: fd,
                processData: false,  // tell jQuery not to process the data
                contentType: false,  // tell jQuery not to set contentType
                success:function(arg,a1,a2){
                    console.log(arg);
                    console.log(a1);
                    console.log(a2);
                }
            })
        }
        function xhrSubmit(){
            // $('#fafafa')[0]
            var file_obj = document.getElementById('fafafa').files[0];
            var fd = new FormData();
            fd.append('username','root');
            fd.append('fafafa',file_obj);
            var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
            xhr.open('POST', '/upload_file/',true);
            xhr.onreadystatechange = function(){
                if(xhr.readyState == 4){
                    // 接收完毕
                    var obj = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);
                    console.log(obj);
                }
            };
            xhr.send(fd);
        }
        function iframeSubmit(){
            $('#ifm1').load(function(){
                var text = $('#ifm1').contents().find('body').text();
                var obj = JSON.parse(text);
                $('#preview').empty();
                var imgTag = document.createElement('img');
                imgTag.src = "/" + obj.data;
                $('#preview').append(imgTag);
            })
        }
    </script>
</body>
</html>

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