nginx开机启动脚本

1)首先需要安装 sysv-rc-conf 

先更新一下  :

sudo apt-get update

然后:

apt install sysv-rc-conf

输入下载命令,下载好了,中间需要输入 y 确认命令

 2)设置nginx开机启动:

我们自己编译安装的NGINX在/etc/init.d/下并没有管理脚本,所以我们现在还无法为NGINX设置自启动项,我们得先为NGINX在/etc/init.d/下创建一个启动脚本。

vi  /etc/init.d/nginx

内容如下:

#! /bin/sh
# chkconfig: 2345 55 25
# Description: Startup script for nginx webserver on Debian. Place in /etc/init.d and
# run 'update-rc.d -f nginx defaults', or use the appropriate command on your
# distro. For CentOS/Redhat run: 'chkconfig --add nginx'

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          nginx
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts the nginx web server
# Description:       starts nginx using start-stop-daemon
### END INIT INFO

# Author:   licess
# website:  http://lnmp.org

PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
NAME=nginx
NGINX_BIN=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/$NAME
CONFIGFILE=/usr/local/nginx/conf/$NAME.conf
PIDFILE=/usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid

case "$1" in
    start)
        echo -n "Starting $NAME... "

        if netstat -tnpl | grep -q nginx;then
            echo "$NAME (pid `pidof $NAME`) already running."
            exit 1
        fi

        $NGINX_BIN -c $CONFIGFILE

        if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
            echo " failed"
            exit 1
        else
            echo " done"
        fi
        ;;

    stop)
        echo -n "Stoping $NAME... "

        if ! netstat -tnpl | grep -q nginx; then
            echo "$NAME is not running."
            exit 1
        fi

        $NGINX_BIN -s stop

        if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
            echo " failed. Use force-quit"
            exit 1
        else
            echo " done"
        fi
        ;;

    status)
        if netstat -tnpl | grep -q nginx; then
            PID=`pidof nginx`
            echo "$NAME (pid $PID) is running..."
        else
            echo "$NAME is stopped"
            exit 0
        fi
        ;;

    force-quit)
        echo -n "Terminating $NAME... "

        if ! netstat -tnpl | grep -q nginx; then
            echo "$NAME is not running."
            exit 1
        fi

        kill `pidof $NAME`

        if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
            echo " failed"
            exit 1
        else
            echo " done"
        fi
        ;;

    restart)
        $0 stop
        sleep 1
        $0 start
        ;;

    reload)
        echo -n "Reload service $NAME... "

        if netstat -tnpl | grep -q nginx; then
            $NGINX_BIN -s reload
            echo " done"
        else
            echo "$NAME is not running, can't reload."
            exit 1
        fi
        ;;

    configtest)
        echo -n "Test $NAME configure files... "

        $NGINX_BIN -t
        ;;

    *)
        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload|status|configtest}"
        exit 1
        ;;

esac

保存成功之后我们要对这个管理脚本设置一个权限:

chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx

接下来我们可以看看这个脚本能否正确执行:

/etc/init.d/nginx restart #这个管理脚本支持的命令有start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload|status|configtest

如果没有错误能正确执行,那我们可以开始把他加入启动项了:

sysv-rc-conf --list #我们先查看一下list中有没有我们刚刚加进去的这个nginx管理脚本
sysv-rc-conf nginx on #然后用这个命令添加开机自启动

 

 

参考:

Ubuntu安装sysv-rc-conf安装使用报错 E: Unable to locate package sysv-rc-conf

Debian/Ubuntu下使用sysv-rc-conf将NGINX设置为自启动

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